Braided lines of Dyneema and Spectra are Poly-Ethylene based filament
lines. These lines are much stronger than classic mono-filament nylon,
and now many anglers use them. It floats because it has 0.97 weight
ratio, when water has 1.0 weight ratio. The line is braided with a lot
of very thin fibers and it tend to have coating to protect the thin
fibers. There are too many braided lines in market, and we should study
before we use them.
Most differences of PE braided lines come from the material, way of braids, coatings and construction.
Dyneema or Spectra fibers are brands name of high-density poly-ethylene. Dyneema has upgraded fibers from original to following, and other manufacturer as well.
|Material||Breaking strength to nylon in the same diameter *||weight ratio|
|Ultra 2 PE fiber (YGK WX8, Varivas Max Power)||4.2||0.98|
|*Nylon (high tensile)||1.1-1.2||1.14|
*Data from YGK
Way of braids: Not braided, 3strands, 4strads, 8 strands
There are none-braided PE lines in market, which has PE spectra fibers bonded by hard coatings. The surface of the line is very smooth, and it is a great advantage. The bonding material makes the line very hard, like mono-filament line, and it is easy to handle. These none-braided lines have the compromised tensile strength between mono-filament and braided lines. Durability and casting distance are also compromised from braided line. These lines are recommended for bait casting reels, but not much for spinning reels.
Most braided lines are "braided" with multiple strands. Each strand is composed of a number of very thin fibers.
Some lines are braided with 3 strands, and it is flat in shape. It is less expensive. It receives more wind than 4-strand line. When lines are twisted, the 3-strand line shows more roughness.
Most braided lines are braided with 4 strands. PowerPro, Spiderwire, Fireline and most PE braid lines in market are braided with 4 strands. Braided lines with 4 strands are in the shape of square, but with thin lines it looks round. The braided body has some roughness, and you may feel the noise when you reel in the 4 strand lines.
There are a few PE braid lines braided with 8 thinner strands for better smoothness. These are mostly for offshore deep jigging, rated at more than 40lb-test, and they are expensive. Smoothness is very important because line always contact to line guides with relatively high tension in jigging.
From left, 8-strand, 4-strand, 3-strand
From left, Zenaq-Jigger Trust 40lb, PowerPro 10lb, Ripcord Si 15lb
Coatings: Hard coat, thin coat, non-coat
Most braided line are coated with some kind of abrasion protector because PE fiber has less abrasion resistance than monofilament lines. One of the hardest coating is on Berkley Fireline and Spiderwire fusion. Fireline looks like one fiber, but it is braided with 4 strands and then coated with plastic coating. PowerPro has relatively hard coating, applied to each strand, and you may easily identify the braids of the line. YGK Power Hunter, WX8 and WX4 have thin fluorine coating, and it is as soft as non-coated PE line.
Coating gives the line harder body, and it also make body slimmer. The slimmer body receives less affection by wind or current. But, harder line has more friction with guides in casting, and leads to less casting distance. PE fiber material itself doesn't have memory, but the hard coating has memory. Softer, less-coated lines require special care in handling to prevent tangles, but cast farther.
Considering the extent of added abrasion protection by coatings and the disadvantage of them, I prefer to use thin-coat line because it casts much farther, and retrieve much smoother. By using mono-leader, I can achieve the abrasion resistance, and don't much need it for main line. Currently, some nylon lines have 20times abrasion resistance to normal mono, and coated braided line may have only the similar resistance of normal nylon line.
Construction: 100% PE braid, hybrid construction with other fibers
Most PE braided lines are made of 100% PE fibers, but some lines have hybrid construction with mono filament, or other fibers. These hybrid fibers/filaments are used to add some tension to the line and improve the easiness in handling. One good example is Sunline Cast Away line, which has 4 PE fiber and 4 high-density ester filaments braided together. The line is famous for great casting distance and none of line-trouble for offshore casting purpose. Other lines have hybrid construction with PET fibers, which is inexpensive, but still stronger than nylon. In the past, I have used a hybrid line with single mono core, but it was not much good because the core pops up from braids.
Specifications of braided lines
|Coloring||Material||# of Strands||Coating||Hybrid/construction|
|None (white)||Original Dyneema||3||None||100% PE fiber|
|Single color||Super Dyneema||4||Thin||4+1 mono filament|
|Metered by 25m||Ultra Dyneema||8||Medium hard||4+4 mono filaments|
|Metered by 10m||Ultra 2 PE filament (YGK WX8)||Hard||4+4 ester filaments|
|Metered by 1m||Super Hard fusion (Fire line)||4+4 pet strands|
|Products||Material||# of strands||Coating||Construction||Pro's and con's of the line||Recommendation|
|Duel Super Smooth||Ultra Dyneema||0||Hard coat||100% PE fiber||Easy to use like nylon, less casting distance||Bait casting reels, spinning light rigs|
|Berkley Fire line||4||Super Hard fusion||100% PE fiber||Easy to use like nylon, less casting distance||Bait casting reels, spinning light rigs|
|YGK Power Hunter, YGK PE compact||Super Dyneema||4||Thin Silicone||100% PE fiber||Super strength, dig-in with bait casting reels||Deep jigging, spinning light rigs|
|YGK WX8, YGK Jigman WX8||Ultra 2 PE filament (YGK)||8||Thin Silicone||100% PE fiber||Ultra strength, super smooth, dig-in with bait casting reels||Spinning inshore/offshore, deep jigging|
|YGK G-soul 112, Sunline Cast Away||Ultra Dyneema||8||Thin Silicone||4+4 ester filaments||None-tangle, easy to handle, great casting distance||Spinning inshore/offshore casting, freshwater, bait casting reels|
|Power Pro||4||Hard||100% PE fiber||Good strength, no dig-in with bait casting reels, noisy at guides||Bait casting reels, spinning light rigs|
From my experiences, I recommend 8-strands line for spinning reel if you will use mono-leader. Ultimate sensitivity line system
For bait casting reels, hard-coated Fireline and lines like Power Pro are still the best. Softer lines will get dig-in troubles.